Biomedical Lab Sciences

Focuses on laboratory techniques in areas such as microbiology, immunology, virology, molecular biology, as applied to research on public health issues.


Study of theories and techniques for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting quantitative data relevant to public health issues.

Chronic Disease

Focuses on prevention and reduction through policy, education, and services at community and individual levels. 

Clinical Research

Use of statistical methods in the design and execution of studies involving a person or group of persons and addressing public health problems.

Communication Sciences and Disorders

Studies speech, language, hearing disorders, and their treatment. 

Community Health

Focuses on work with defined communities to identify and resolve public health problems and to promote well-being.

Dental Public Health

The science of preventing dental diseases and promoting dental health on a community basis, including dental education of the public, applied dental research, and administration of group dental care programs.

Environmental Health

Study of assessment, control, and prevention of factors in the environment that can adversely affect the health of present and future generations.


Application of the scientific method to the study of disease in populations for the purpose of prevention and control.

Exercise Science

The theory-based, research-led study of the impact of physical exercise on the body and health.

Food Safety

Focuses on the identification and decreasing the risk to the public from foodborne illness by surveillance, monitoring occurrences of bacterial pathogens, and response to public complaints.


Explores the impact of genes on public health and disease prevention, including how genes and the environment interact to affect distribution of disease in human populations.

Global Health

Study of health across national boundaries and of socioeconomic, cultural, and other factors causing disease that transcend national borders, ethnicity, and other divisions.

Health Administration

Study of the skills, values, and conceptual, abilities needed for management roles in health care, health policy, and public health.

Health Economics/Health Finance

Study of the composition, use, and impact of finances that fund all components of the public health system. This includes the pricing, production, and distribution of health services.

Health Education/Behavioral Sciences

Interdisciplinary study focusing on how health education can affect behavior and lifestyle decisions that have an impact on public health.

Health Law

The impact of law on the furnishing and administration of health services, and study of legal structures that define government’s authority in the interest of public health.

Health Promotion and Communications

Organized response to promote health and prevent illness, injury, and disability using communication mediums.

Health Services Research

Research on the cost, access, and quality of the health care system, and on policy issues affecting the organization, financing, and delivery of health care services.


The relationship between body systems, pathogens, and immunity, the development and function of immune cells, and the mechanisms of disease and immunology.

Infectious Diseases

Study of illnesses resulting from the transmission of microbial agents through, diverse pathogens, disease surveillance, outbreak investigation, and the prevention of infectious diseases.


Interdisciplinary science dealing with the structure, acquisition, and use of biomedical information, ranging from theoretical model contraction to building and evaluating applied systems.


The study of the epidemiology, risk factors, and effective prevention strategies for unintentional and violence-related injury.

Management and Health Policy

Study of legislative, administrative, and budget systems affecting health services, competencies associated with health care management, and the role of leadership in public health.

Maternal and Child Health

Focuses on the improvement of public health delivery systems for women, children, and their families through advocacy, education, and research.

Mental Health

Emphasizes early intervention, prevention of mental illness, and promotion of mental health through public health education.

Minority Health and Health Disparities

Addresses factors causing gaps in quality of health care across social, ethnic, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic groups.

Multicultural Studies

Focuses on the impact of social identities in determining behavior during illness and decisions regarding care, and the importance of understanding basic attitudes of a cultural group for successful health promotion and prevention programs.


Interdisciplinary study including molecular research, neurophysiology, and computational modeling, targeting diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

Nutrition/Public Health Nutrition

Focuses on the improvement of the nutritional health of the whole population and vulnerable subgroups within the population, and emphasizes health promotion and disease prevention.

Occupational Health/Industrial Hygiene

Focuses on the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, communication, prevention, and control of environmental stressors in the workplace that may result in injury, illness, or impairment or affect the well-being of the community.


Study of human parasites and of public health measures that contribute to the prevention and control of diseases caused by parasites.

Population and Reproductive Health

Factors influencing human reproductive health and dynamics of population growth with the goal of avoiding disease and disability related to sexuality and reproduction.

Population Sciences

Study of the science of demography and health implications of major population issues, including population size, composition, distribution, and change.

Preparedness Response and Recovery

Focuses on the public health infrastructure needed to monitor the environment, asses needs of vulnerable populations, and allocate resources in times of community emergency.

Public Health Ethics

Systematic evaluation of health actions based on ethical principles, stakeholder values, and scientific data, guiding decision-making.

Public Health Leadership

Prepares public health practitioners with knowledge and skills needed to mobilize, coordinate, and direct broad collaborative actions within the complex public health system.

Public Health Medicine

Protects and improves the health of the community through preventive medicine by providing public health training for clinicians such as doctors, dentist, and nurses.

Public Health Policy

Studies laws, regulations, and decision-making for community health, covering topics like healthcare reform, disease prevention, food safety, and research.

Public Health Practice

Application of knowledge and competencies in performance of essential public health services.

Risk Assessment

Determination of the probability that a specific public health environmental or other threat will occur, with a focus on adverse health effects, risk perception, communication, and management.

Social Determinants of Health

Study of the political, cultural, and societal systems that influence behaviors and lifestyle decisions that have an impact on health.

Substance Use/Harm Reduction

Study of theory and methods for research on substance use and community-based prevention, control, and treatment.


Study of the adverse effects of chemicals or physical agents on human beings and other living organisms.

Tropical Medicine

Deals with infectious and other diseases occurring or originating primarily in tropical and subtropical regions.

Veterinary Public Health

Study of the prevention and control of zoonotic disease-transmissible from animals to humans-in both animal and human populations.

Women’s Health

Etiology, prevention, and treatment of public health problems affecting women and other high-risk groups.