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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

UMiami: Hispanics in South Florida Have Higher Mortality Rates for Most Cancers Than Their National Counterparts, Study Finds

A study published in Preventing Chronic Disease, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention journal, showed that Hispanics in South Florida have higher cancer death rates than their national counterparts. The study was co-authored by researchers at the University of Miami Department of Public Health Sciences and Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, as well as from the University of Nevada in Las Vegas and Florida A&M University.

Researchers analyzed 53,837 cancer deaths from South Florida for white, Hispanic, and black populations that are from Cuban, Puerto Rican, South American, African American, and Afro-Caribbean backgrounds. To compare South Florida’s cancer mortality rates with those of the rest of the nation, researchers used negative binomial regression to determine mortality rate ratios. They also calculated cancer site-specific and all-sites combined age-adjusted mortality rates.

Per 100,000 population, cancer mortality rates in South Florida were similar among white and black men and women. Rates were the lowest among Hispanic men and women. Compared with their national counterparts, however, Hispanic residents in South Florida had higher cancer mortality rates, mostly driven by its Cuban residents. Mortality rates among white and black residents, especially male residents, were substantially lower. Liver cancer was high among white and Puerto Rican baby boomers and lung cancer deaths were low among all groups except for Cuban men. Cervical cancer was high among white, black and Puerto Rican women.

Given the results of this study, surveillance, minority participation in clinical trials and community-based, culturally-specific cancer prevention and control efforts are needed.

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