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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

UAlbany: Association of Diabetes and Prediabetes Risk Perception with Leisure-time Physical Activity and Weight Loss

Dr. Elizabeth Vasquez and colleagues recently studied the association between perceived risk of diabetes/prediabetes and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA)/weight loss, and aimed to determine whether the association of risk perception with LTPA and weight loss varies by race/ethnicity.

The researchers utilized 9,550 responses from individuals who completed the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Study participants were limited to non-Latino white, non-Latino black, and Latino nondiabetic and non-prediabetic respondents who were at least 18 years of age and were not underweight.

Individuals who reported that they felt they could be at risk for diabetes/prediabetes were significantly less likely to meet the recommendations for LTPA, but significantly more likely to have attempted to lose weight in the past year. Results also suggested that perceived diabetes/prediabetes risk and weight loss association differs among racial/ethnic groups. Latinos and non-Latino blacks who thought that they were at risk for diabetes/prediabetes were more likely to have attempted weight loss in the past year.

“Based on these findings, it is important that we consider awareness and perception of prediabetes and diabetes risk when developing efforts aimed at improving leisure-time physical activity and weight loss,” says Dr. Vasquez. “Initiatives that consider culture, in particular, may prove to be effective for creating behavioral change.”

In-depth results of Dr. Vasquez’s study can be found in the American Journal of Health Promotion.

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