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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

South Carolina: Study Examines Connection Between Dietary Inflammation and Gestational Diabetes

A team of researchers led by epidemiology and biostatistics and Cancer Prevention and Control Program faculty at the University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health have completed a study on the association between inflammatory potential of diet and odds of gestational diabetes mellitus among Iranian women. The research was led by adjunct assistant professor Dr. Nitin Shivappa and published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

“The possible relationship between diet-related inflammation and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus requires further investigation, especially in non-Western populations,” says Dr. Shivappa.

With this study, the authors examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII®) scores and gestational diabetes in a case-control study conducted in Iran. They analyzed data collected from 122 women with gestational diabetes and 266 pregnant women without diabetes, ages 18-40, who were hospitalized for acute non-neoplastic diseases. The researchers found that subjects with higher DII scores had higher odds of gestational diabetes.

“These results indicate that a proinflammatory diet, as evidenced by higher DII scores, is associated with increased odds of gestational diabetes mellitus among Iranian women,” Dr. Shivappa says.

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