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Public Health Reports: Statewide Evaluation of New HIV Diagnoses in Rhode Island: Implications for Prevention

In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Drs. Philip A. Chan and Rami Kantor and Ms. Madeline C. Montgomery, Mr. Alec Tributino, Ms. Christina Crowley, and Ms. Martha M. Medina of Brown University, Dr. Jennifer Rose of Wesleyan University, Dr. Rupa Patel of Washington University, Dr. Kenneth Mayer of Fenway Health, and Dr. Amy S. Nunn of Rhode Island Public Health Institute analyzed the characteristics of individuals newly diagnosed with HIV across the state of Rhode Island to identify patterns of HIV transmission. Data on individuals newly diagnosed with HIV living in Rhode Island was collected from 2013 to 2015. A latent class analysis (LCA) was also performed to detect underlying demographic and behavioral characteristics of individuals newly diagnosed with HIV. Most individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Rhode Island were Men who have Sex with Men (MSM) born in the United States, with a large number likely infected in-state. People with newly diagnosed HIV who were foreign-born, including Hispanic/Latino and heterosexual groups, were less likely to have acquired HIV in Rhode Island than were MSM born in the U.S. The authors concluded that future HIV prevention approaches, including pre-exposure prophylaxis, should adapt to the needs of specific groups.

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Public Health Reports is the official journal of the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Public Health Service and has been published since 1878. It is published bimonthly, plus supplement issues, through an official agreement with the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health. PHR’s mission is to facilitate the movement of science into public health practice and policy to positively affect the health and wellness of the American public.

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