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Public Health Reports: Food Insecurity and Risk Indicators for Sexually Transmitted Infection Among Sexually Active Persons Aged 15-44, National Survey of Family Growth, 2011-2017

In a recent article in Public Health Reports, Drs. Penny S. Loosier, Laura Haderxhanaj, Oscar Beltran, and Matthew Hogben of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention examined the link between food insecurity and poor sexual health outcomes using nationally representative data. Data comprised adolescents and adults aged 15 to 44 who reported sexual activity in the past year from 6 years (September 2011–September 2017). Comparisons were made between those who did and did not report food insecurity, accounting for demographic characteristics, markers of poverty, and past-year STI risk indicators. Results indicated that respondents who reported at least 1 past-year STI risk indicator were significantly more likely to report food insecurity than those who did not report food insecurity. This finding was independent of the association between food insecurity and markers of poverty. Additionally, sex with opposite- and same-sex partners in the past year was significantly associated with food insecurity. The authors concluded that food insecurity should be considered a social determinant of health independent of poverty, and its effect on persons at highest risk for STIs, including HIV should be considered when planning interventions designed to decrease engagement in higher-risk sexual behaviors.

Full article.

Published since 1878, Public Health Reports (PHR) is the official journal of the Office of the U.S. Surgeon General and the U.S. Public Health Service. It is published bimonthly, plus supplement issues, through an official agreement with the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health. The journal is peer-reviewed and publishes original research, reviews, and commentaries related to public health practice and methodology, public health law, and teaching at schools and programs of public health. Journal issues include regular commentaries by the U.S. Surgeon General and the executives of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health.

The journal focuses on such topics as disease surveillance, infectious and chronic diseases, occupational disease and injury, immunization, health disparities, substance use disorders, tobacco use, and many other key and emerging public health concerns. In addition to its 6 regular issues, PHR produces supplemental issues approximately 2-5 times per year, focusing on specific topics of interest to its readership. The journal’s contributors are on the front lines of public health and present their work in a readable and accessible format.

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