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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

LSU: Racial and Income Disparities in Health-Related Quality of Life among Smokers with a Quit Attempt in Louisiana

Louisana State University Health Science Center School of Public Health faculty and researchers (Dr. Yu-Hsiang Kao, Mr. Michael D. Celestin Jr., Dr. Qingzhao Yu, Sarah Moody-Thomas, Ms. Krysten Jones-Winn and Dr. Tung-Sung Tseng) using data from the 2017 patient survey of the Louisiana Tobacco Control Initiative to assess the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and smoking status for those of different races and income levels. 1108 patients from eight Louisiana public hospitals were analyzed in this study. The patients were predominantly black or African American (58.9 percent) with lower-income (71.2 percent). HRQOL was assessed by the European Quality of Life—5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) questionnaire with U.S. index score weighting. Dr. Tseng and Dr. Kao stated that “Racial and income disparities were evident with lower-income black or African Americans who were current smokers with a quit attempt having a lower HRQOL.” Intervention programs for smoking cessation should target lower-income black or African American smokers who have a prior quit attempt and provide effective cessation services to help them quit smoking and improve their HRQOL.

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