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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

LSU: Abdominal Obesity, Metabolic Dysfunction, and Metabolic Syndrome in U.S. adolescents: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011–2016

Dr. Tekeda Ferguson, assistant professor at the Louisiana State University Health Science Centers ~ School of Public Health, along with Dr. Symielle Gaston and Dr. Nicolle Tulve, collaborated in this study with the purpose to use National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to (1) estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors (elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, blood glucose, and low HDL cholesterol); (2) estimate the prevalence of MetS using three common definitions; and (3) compare the odds of MetS risk factors/MetS when using different measures of abdominal obesity(sagittal abdominal diameter [SAD] versus waist circumference [WC]) among U.S. adolescents.

The researchers concluded that Males were more likely to have MetS risk factors. Depending on sex and the definition applied, the prevalence of MetS ranged from 2 percent to 11 percent and was lowest among females. Adjusted logistic regressions showed that one z-score increase in SAD and WC resulted in similar increased odds of MetS risk factors/MetS, but associations between abdominal obesity and MetS varied by the definition applied and race/ethnicity. Metabolic dysfunction and MetS are prevalent among U.S. adolescents, and it is important to consider how MetS components and MetS are measured in population inference.

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