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Member Research & Reports

Member Research & Reports

IUPUI: Study Identifies Important Practical Factors of Adolescent Substance Use Treatment Settings

Dr. Sean Grant, assistant professor of social and behavioral sciences at the Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health – Indianapolis (IUPUI) conducted a study rating the practical factors that can significantly influence the setting, or level of care, where an adolescent receives substance use treatment. This study aimed to identify practical factors that stakeholders find most critical to consider when planning adolescent substance use treatment.

Researchers conducted online panels with four stakeholder groups: providers, policymakers, researchers, and parents. Stakeholders nominated, rated, and commented on the importance of 10 practical factors that could influence treatment setting decisions. A consensus was assessed on the rated importance of practical factors using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method.

They thematically analyzed stakeholders’ comments to explain how they differentiated relative importance. Of 153 stakeholders, 66 were providers, 38 were policymakers, 27 were researchers, and 22 were parents. Each stakeholder identified continuity of care, coordination of care across service sectors, and quality of care as the practical factors of highest importance. These findings help elucidate why stakeholders view certain practical factors as critical to consider in actual decisions about substance use treatment settings for adolescents. Future research should investigate how to incorporate these practical factors alongside clinical needs and treatment goals in placement criteria and treatment matching.

Read the full study published in the Journal of Substance abuse Treatment.

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