Researchers at the Robert Stempel College of Public Health & Social Work and the Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse at Florida International University have published the study, Post-immigration Changes in Social Capital and Substance Use Among Recent Latino Immigrants in South Florida: Differences by Documentation Status, which provides evidence for changing social capital and substance use among immigrants from pre- to post-immigration.
Reducing, preventing and eliminating Latino substance use disparities in the United States is an urgent priority. Compared to non-Latino substance users, Latino substance users face disparities in the consequences related to substance use including greater risk for hepatitis B and C infection among injection users; higher rates of alcohol-related problems including drinking and driving; confinement; intimate partner violence; and cirrhosis mortality.
But this study has found that changing social capital among recent Latino immigrants (RLIs) influences substance use post-immigration. This was a longitudinal study of 476 South/Central American RLIs examining social capital and substance use changes pre- to post-immigration. Self-reported measures of social capital and substance use were compared between surveys administered within one year of immigration and two years, post-immigration.
The study provides evidence for changing social capital and substance use among immigrants from pre- to post-immigration, indicating that for substance use prevention programs and interventions, it may be useful to classify immigrant populations as either recent or more acculturated, as there is a difference in the level of risk between these two groups.
Read more: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25787351