Ms. Liza Fuentes, a doctoral student at the CUNY School of Public Health and colleagues in Texas described women’s experiences seeking abortion care after closure of clinics due to a restrictive law passed in Teas. The research team also documented pregnancy outcomes of women affected by the clinic closures. The work is published in Contraception.
By April 2014, half of Texas’ abortion clinics closed. Between November 2013 and November 2014, the researchers recruited women who sought abortion care at Texas clinics that were no longer providing care. The researcher conducted in-depth interview and performed a thematic analysis.
As a result of the closures, women reported increased cost and travel time to obtain care. Because they had to travel further, their privacy was compromised. Among the results were delays, including delay into the second trimester and some women not obtaining the desired abortion. Although none did, a group of women considered self-inducing an abortion.
The authors concluded there were multiple barriers to care. The closures created significant burdens on women that delayed or prevented their desired abortion. The laws may adversely affect public health by moving the timing of abortions from the first trimester to second-trimester procedures.