Dr. Sandra Echevarria, a professor at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy and colleagues recently published an analysis from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The objective was to understand the extent to which living in high-poverty neighborhoods and having few social ties jointly pattern mortality risk in the United States. The results are published in the Annals of Epidemiology.
[Photo: (Dr. Sandra Echeverria]
The researchers found that after adjusting for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and individual-level socioeconomic status, exposure to low social integration alone was associated with increased mortality risk. Living in an area of high poverty alone did not have a significant effect. Individuals simultaneously living in neighborhoods characterized by high poverty and having low levels of social integration had an increased risk of mortality.
They concluded that social integration remains an important determinant of mortality risk in the United States independent of neighborhood poverty.